Yarpole Church where Millborough Brown and

Edward Pardoe were married 30th April 1692


View Brian Loomes 1997 article on this clock

Click an image to superze

View original Marriage Register

View original Marriage Licence



View original Edward Paro's Will


Please Contact Lee Borrett

1668 Rear Dial


howing a close up of the original and unusual rivited gnomon support

Charles I



     hown here is a wonderfully original and very rare Charles I clockmakers brass sundial which is dated 1634. Complete with its original gnomon and unusual fancily shaped gnomon back support, the dial is anonymous and measures 7.85 inches square. The sundial, which has a gnomon angle of 53 degrees latitude has been made using thin brass throughout with thick brass rivets to hold the gnomon and back support in place. It is purposely lightweight in construction so that it could be mobile enough to be used in different parts of the house or garden to reset the clock(s) of the house. However, having the very sturdy gnomon back support attached to the dial suggests to me that this sundial was also originally custom made for its first owner to able to use it whilst travelling either by foot or on horseback as the gnomon support is there to strengthen, protect and shield the thin gnomon from getting damaged or bent whilst travelling. The fact that there is no noon gap (and typical for early clockmaker sundials) tells me that this sundial has probably been made by an early provincial clockmaker (rather than a scientific Instrument maker) who would have made and supplied it along with a lantern clock he had sold to one of his customers. First Period lantern clocks were made with balance-wheel control and having a sundial indoors or outside in the garden to correct and regulate a clocks time would have been very useful in rural areas.  In the English provinces during the early 1630s, when time was governed by Sun Up and Sun Down, provincial domestic clockmaking had barely just begun and this sundial would have helped its first owners to plan and organise their days much better than before - with the added bonus of being able to take the sundial on long journeys if so desired. The dial would have been mounted on a small wooden plinth.  





         hen King Charles I from October 1634 onwards levied ship money during peacetime and then extended it to the inland counties of England without Parliamentary approval it provoked fierce resistance and was one of the grievances of the English propertied class in the lead-up to the English Civil War.

  his sundial was discovered during a house clearance in the Southport area after the death of its previous owner and during some initial research, information was passed on to me which suggests that it was originally owned by a Mr William Trenchard who was living in Brearley in South Yorkshire with his family during the 1630s. The correct gnomon angle for a sundial in Brearley would need to be 53 degrees latitude and interestingly this matches the angle of the sundial and this suggests to me that the first ownership theory could possibly prove to be true. Another interesting point here is that Southport is also 53 degrees latitude!  





     eing almost 400 years old, this exceptionally early provincial clockmakers sundial is an historically important survivor and is very interesting in its own right, but because of its known year of making being 1634 - it also has a fascinating historical link to The English Civil War which ultimately led to the death of the King Charles I in 1649




    ought 1642-1651, the English Civil War saw King Charles I (Cavaliers) battle Parliament (Roundheads) for control of the English government.The war began as a result of a conflict over the power of the monarchy and the rights of Parliament.  During the early phases of the war, the Parliamentarians expected to retain Charles as king, but with expanded powers for Parliament.  Though the Royalists won early victories, the Parliamentarians ultimately triumphed.  As the conflict progressed, Charles was executed and a republic formed.  Known as the the Commonwealth of England, this state later became the Protectorate under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell.  Though Charles II was invited to take the throne in 1660, Parliament's victory established the precedent that the monarch could not rule without the consent of Parliament and placed the nation on the path towards a formal parliamentary monarchy


Charles I Portraight A


Historically Important Events

King Charles I (1600-1649), King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649.

    hip Money was first used as a tax in the reign of Elizabeth I at the time of invasion threat from the Spanish Armada. The crown levied the tax on the coastal towns of England where each town was required to supply ships and crews or to provide the equivalent in money to help the Queen pay for the defence of the country in an emergency. In this case it was successful and the response was prompt and generous. The City of London supplied thirty ships when only fifteen had been levied.


     ing Charles I was in a desperate state in the early 1630s when his extravagances had led to him needing to resort to new and ingenious sources of income. His counsel suggested that Ship Money could be re-imposed and would not infringe the "Petition of Right" that he had agreed to earlier.


     hip Money was one of the financial measures implemented by Charles I in his attempt to rule without calling Parliament, and one of the factors that led to the outbreak of the Civil War. The first ship money writ of October 1634 simply requested the coastal towns to provide ships, following on from earlier acts of Elizabeth I. This could be justified at a time when pirates threatened coastal trade around the country, but that was not Charles's intention, and the following year ship money writs demanding money were sent to inland areas, provoking increasing resistance, especially after John Hampden refused to pay. The resulting court case found for Charles I but by a very small margin, and the judgement, which in effect gave Charles the power to do whatever he wished, alienated almost the entire nation, including many who fought for Charles in the Civil War. Ship money was made illegal by the Long Parliament in 1641.


Ship Money

Ship MoneyA

War Ships during the time of Charles I


Charles I ParlimentA

Charles I reigning over the House of Lords.


The English Civil War


Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658)

Lantern Clock c1620-c1659

(I am seeking an example that has not been recently restored.)

The English Civil War

and its Historical Link to

brass Sundial dated 1634


Isaac Symmes Sundial c1610


(Also spelt:-Simmes, Simes, Symes, Symms)




Oliver Cromwell.ABCjpg 1668 Rear Dial




howing a front view of the rare sundial dated 1634




inches square.  

Measuring 7.85

its original gnomon.  

Charles I sundial with

howing a side view of the




Click an image to supersize

howing the original gnomon and unusual back support fixings.



howing a close-up of the dial engraving.


Sundial dated 1634

the clockmakers

front view of